The most important part of tooth care is brushing and flossing properly, along with regular dental check-ups. To prevent cavities and gum disease, you need to remove plaque by brushing at least twice a day. Always use a soft bristled toothbrush with a toothpaste that contains fluoride. Make sure that the toothbrush fits inside of your mouth so that you can easily reach all areas. When brushing, use gentle up and down strokes, brushing all sides of the teeth. Always brush your tongue to remove any bacteria and keep your breath fresh.
The truth is that brushing only gets about 50% of the nasty stuff off of your teeth. Until you get in between the teeth, where the surfaces abut one another, you're not attacking the location where some of the worst bacteria hide. Floss is the only thing that can attack the other half. No matter how fantastically high-tech your brush is or how thoroughly you go over each tooth, you still need to floss. You should floss your teeth at least once a day. Flossing in between your teeth removes food debris and plaque that a toothbrush can't reach. When flossing, be sure to gently insert the floss in between the teeth, without snapping, which could damage the gum tissue. Gently move the floss up and down into the spaces between the gum and teeth. Floss the sides of all of your teeth, even if there isn't a tooth next to another one. There are a number of dental products available that are designed to make flossing easier.
Toothbrush & Toothpaste
We recommend a soft-bristled brush to minimize damage to your teeth and gums. The minimum time you should spend brushing your teeth is two minutes twice a day. Adults and children should change their toothbrush every 3 months because they become worn out and are not as effective as they once were. Exceptions to this would be if you were using an electric toothbrush, and the manufacturer states otherwise. Some electric rechargable toothbrushes have very good brush heads that only need to be changed every 6 months. If you have gum disease, you should change your toothbrush every 4 - 6 weeks because bacteria can harbour in the bristles. Children under 6 should use a child specific toothpaste, children over 6 should use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste. All children should be supervised while brushing their teeth. You should always rinse your toothbrush out with hot water after every use and change it after you have been sick.
Bad breath is defined as breath that has an unpleasant odour. This odour can occur regularly or irregularly, depending on the cause. For most people the cause is related to the millions of bacteria living inside the person’s mouth (particularly on the back of the tongue). The mouth's warm, moist conditions make an ideal environment for these bacteria to grow. In general, this bad odour will be a result of poor dental habits, e.g. not brushing and flossing regularly. If you don't brush and floss teeth daily, particles of food can remain in your mouth, promoting bacterial growth between teeth, around the gums, and on the tongue. This causes bad breath. In addition, odour-causing bacteria and food particles can cause bad breath if dentures are not properly cleaned. Smoking or chewing tobacco-based products also can cause bad breath, stain teeth, reduce your ability to taste foods, and irritate your gums.
Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth may be a warning sign of gum (periodontal) disease. Gum disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth. Bacteria cause the formation of toxins to form, which irritate the gums. If gum disease continues untreated, it can damage the gums and jawbone. Over 80% of most adults have some form of gum disease (periodontitis) and/or mouth odour, a problem that can be reduced with regular visits to our dentists and hygienists. Treatments that our Fresh Breath Centre offer to reduce the risk of bad breath are:
Periodontal Treatment: We recommend that our customers visit one of our dental clinics every 6 months to ensure that there are no problems with their teeth and gums. During these check ups, a routine examination will take place and advice will be given should the customer require any further dental work to be carried out. Usually a clean and polish will take place, unless there is no requirement. Advanced gum disease is treated with more complex surgical procedures.
Replacing Missing Teeth: This can range from simple plastic or metal dentures (false teeth) which need to be removed at night to more permanent ‘fixed’ alternatives such as Bridges or Dental Implants.
Root Canal Treatment: Once severe inflammation or infection sets in the only treatment is to remove the diseased tissue with small delicate files, at the same time cleaning and shaping the root canal system, flushing out the debris and applying specialised medicaments to kill the bacteria.